Harry Randolph Holmes is a United States Navy Sailor who was killed on the USS Oklahoma when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. His remains were identified on February 11, 2021.

Background

Harry Holmes was born on June 11, 1922 to Samuel and Doris Holmes in either Hudson Falls or Kingsbury, New York. Growing up, he was the younger brother of one sister, Muriel. At some point, he joined the United States Navy from New York. His service number was #2387233. He was assigned as a Electrician’s Mate, Third Class, of the USS Oklahoma.

Pearl Harbor Attack

At about 7:48 AM on December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service conducted a surprise military strike against the United States at the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The USS Oklahoma was one of the first ships to be attacked. The ship was torpedoed and was capsized, killing Holmes in the process. His remains were located between 1941 and 1944, but not identified. As a result, he was considered Missing in Action while his remains were buried in the Punchbowl at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Overall, 2,335 Americans were killed in the attack, 429, including Holmes, were on the USS Oklahoma. The surprise attack led to US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to declare December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy". The following day, the US Congress declared war on Japan which led to the United States' formal entry into World War II.

Aftermath

After his death, Holmes was awarded the Purple Heart. He was memorialized on the USS Oklahoma Memorial and in Court 3 of the Honolulu Memorial of the Courts of the Missing in Honolulu. He has an additional memorial marker at Moss Street Cemetery in Hudson Falls.

In September of 1947, the American Graves Registration Service was tasked to identify unknown soldier's remains from the Pacific Theatre. However, they were only able to identify thirty-five of the crewmen from the USS Oklahoma. In October of 1949, the American Graves Registration Service ruled Holmes, along with many soldiers whose remains were not identified, as unrecoverable.

Identification

In 2015, the Department of Defense and the Defense POW/MIA accounting agency initiated a program to exhume the unidentified sailors of the USS Oklahoma to try and match their DNA against the DNA of family members whose loved ones were never identified. Scientists at the DPAA used anthropological analysis and scientists from the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System used Y-chromosome (Y-STR) analysis to identify the servicemen.

Through these methods, Harry Randolph Holmes was identified on February 11, 2021. His identification was announced on April 27, 2021.

Sources

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