James Riddle "Jimmy" Hoffa (February 14, 1913 – disappeared July 30, 1975) was an American labor union leader who served as the President of the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (IBT) union from 1958 until 1971. He disappeared in late July 1975 at the age of 62.

Hoffa started to become involved with organized crime from his time with Teamsters. In 1964, he was convicted of jury tampering, attempted bribery, and fraud. He was eventually sent to prison in 1967 for bribery for 13 years. As part of a pardon agreement with President Richard Nixon, he stepped down as president of the union and was barred from participating in union activities until 1980.


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Hoffa disappeared from the parking lot of Red Fox restaurant in Bloomfield Township, a suburb of Detroit on July 30, 1975. Based on what he had told others, it is believed he was going to meet with two Mafia leaders named Anthony Giacalone and Anthony Provenzano. Provenzano had previously been close to Jimmy and was also a union leader with the Teamsters based in New Jersey. He had also previously threatened to kidnap and harm Hoffa's granddaughter.

Hoffa left home at 1:15 pm. At 2:15 pm, he called his wife from a pay phone directly behind the Red Fox to complain about Giacalone being late. He told her he would be home by 4 pm. Witnesses observed Hoffa pacing outside in the restaurant's parking lot and standing by his car. He was also seen by two men emerge from the Red Fox after a long lunch who recognised him.

On the next day at 7 am, Jimmy's wife called her son and daughter by telephone, informing them that their father had not returned home. At 7:20 am, Louis Linteau, one of Jimmy's close friends, went to the Red Fox and found Jimmy's unlocked car in the parking lot, but there was no sign of what happened to him. Linteau then called the police, who arrived at the scene. Later that day, Jimmy's son filed a missing person report.

There have been many years of extensive investigation by numerous law enforcement agencies, including the FBI but no conclusion has been reached regarding Hoffa's fate. Giacalone and Provenzano were found not to have been near the restaurant that afternoon and each denied they had a scheduled meeting with Hoffa.

Hoffa was declared legally dead on July 30, 1982. His disappearance continues to be the subject of rumor and speculation.


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