Ralph Curtis Battles is a United States Navy sailor who was killed on the USS Oklahoma when the Japanese attacked Pearl Harbor on December 7, 1941. His remains were identified on February 12, 2021.

Early Life and Military Service

Ralph Battles was born on June 7, 1916 to Leonard and Beulah Battles in Boaz, Alabama. At some point in his life, he enlisted into the United States Navy from Boaz. His service number is 2723450 and was attached as a Fireman Second Class to the USS Oklahoma.

Pearl Harbor

At about 7:48 AM on December 7, 1941, the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service conducted a surprise military strike against the United States at the naval base in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. The USS Oklahoma was one of the first ships to be attacked. The ship was torpedoed and capsized. Battles was killed during the attack, though his exact circumstances are unknown. His remains were located between 1941 and 1944, but not identified. As a result, he was considered missing in action while his remains were buried in the Punchbowl at the National Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific in Honolulu, Hawaii.

Overall, 2,335 Americans were killed in the attack, four hundred and twenty-nine, including Battles, were on the USS Oklahoma. The surprise attack led to US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt to declare December 7, 1941, "a date which will live in infamy". The following day, the US Congress declared war on Japan which led to the United States' formal entry into World War II.

Aftermath

After his death, Battles was awarded the Purple Heart.

In September 1947, the American Graves Registration Service was tasked to identify unknown soldier's remains from the Pacific Theatre. However, they were only able to identify thirty-five of the crewmen from the USS Oklahoma. In October 1949, the American Graves Registration Service ruled Battles, along with many soldiers whose remains were not identified, as unrecoverable.

His name is featured on the USS Oklahoma Memorial and the Honolulu Memorial of the Courts of the Missing in Honolulu, Hawaii. Additionally, he has a grave at in the Chapel section of Hillcrest Cemetery in Boaz.

Identification

In 2015, the Department of Defense and the Defense POW/MIA accounting agency initiated a program to exhume the unidentified sailors of the USS Oklahoma to try and match their DNA against the DNA of family members whose loved ones were never identified. Scientists at the D.P.A.A. used anthropological analysis and scientists from the Armed Forces Medical Examiner System used mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and autosomal DNA (auSTR) analysis to identify the servicemen.

Through these methods, Ralph Curtis Battles was identified on February 12, 2021. His identification was announced on April 28, 2021.

Sources

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